learn how to distinguish various different distortions

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1,000 RPM Member
Senior Member


1,000 RPM Member
Senior Member
Nov 24, 2003
Hong Kong
Hi guys,

Prof. Klippel's distortion segregation listening teaching / tests / first hand experience https://klippel.de/listeningtest/lt/

IM distortions from Bl(x) = when voice coil move out of equilibrium and rapidly cutting across the pathway etc.

HD distortions from Kms(x) = when suspension gets pulls and stress out then returns relax and stresses again.

HD distortons from Le(x) = inductance due to displacment as above

not sure if they added Le(i) or not, which is the current through the voice coil cutting across the magnet field.

Super !!!!!! can't forget this for my life.
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